习近平总书记在视察唐山时的重要讲话:我国是世界上自然灾害最为严重的国家之一,灾害种类多,分布地域广,发生频率高,造成损失重,这是一个基本国情。新中国成立以来特别是改革开放以来,我们不断探索,确立了以防为主、防抗救相结合的工作方针,国家综合防灾减灾救灾能力得到全面提升。要总结经验,进一步增强忧患意识、责任意识,坚持以防为主、防抗救相结合,坚持常态减灾和非常态救灾相统一,努力实现从注重灾后救助向注重灾前预防转变,从应对单一灾种向综合减灾转变,从减少灾害损失向减轻灾害风险转变,全面提升全社会抵御自然灾害的综合防范能力。防灾减灾救灾事关人民生命财产安全,事关社会和谐稳定,是衡量执政党领导力、检验政府执行力、评判国家动员力、体现民族凝聚力的一个重要方面。当前和今后一个时期,要着力从加强组织领导、健全体制、完善法律法规、推进重大防灾减灾工程建设、加强灾害监测预警和风险防范能力建设、提高城市建筑和基础设施抗灾能力、提高农村住房设防水平和抗灾能力、加大灾害管理培训力度、建立防灾减灾救灾宣传教育长效机制、引导社会力量有序参与等方面进行努力。

Marco Polo in Seismology

Pubdate:2005-07-23

On July 23, Prof. Giuliano F. Panza, professor of seismology of the University of Trieste, Italy, was conferred the Honorary Professor of the Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration. Mr. Zhao Ming, deputy director of the Department for International Cooperation of CEA and representative of CEA leaders, complemented Prof. Panza as the Marco Polo in seismology at the conferring ceremony.

The conferring ceremony was attended by famous scientists including Prof. Chen Yun-tai and Prof. Zeng Rongsheng, members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Prof. Xu Shaoxie, member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and Prof. Zhu Chuanzhen, president of the Asian Seismological Commission. The participants of the ceremony were exclusively members of the Committee for Science and Technology of the Institute, corresponding to the faculty in the language of international institutions, reflecting the style of the ceremony: science-centered, and high ranked.

In the last year the first Honorary Professorship was conferred to Prof. Leon Knopoff of UCLA, a world famous geophysicist.

Leaders of the Institute, Mr. Ouyang Biao and Ms. Cao Xuefeng, were invited to attend the ceremony. Prof. Yang Jiansi, deputy director of the Institute in charge of international cooperation, was invited to preside the ceremony.

During his academic career over the last decades, Prof. Panza made outstanding contributions to various fields in earthquake and engineering seismology, such as theoretical and computational modeling of high-frequency seismic waves, deterministic zonation of seismic hazards, and intermediate-term medium-range earthquake prediction. He had been the director of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics of the University of Trieste, and the President of the European Geosciences Union. He was awarded the Gutenberg Medal from the European Geophysical Society for outstanding contribution to seismological studies. He is also the fellow of various Academies of Sciences, such as the Fellow of Academia Nazionale dei Lincei of Academia Europaea, the Associate Fellow of the Third World Academy of Sciences, the Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Fellow of Academia Nazionale dei XL.

In the citation made by director Prof. Wu Zhongliang, the contribution of Prof. Panza to the development of geophysics in China and to the Sino-Italian cooperation on seismological studies were highly appreciated. These contributions can be seen from the Sino-Italian bilateral cooperation projects on earthquake science, from the Earth science-related training and exchange programs in the International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), from the works of the IASPEI Commission on Earthquake Hazard, Risk, and Strong Ground Motion (SHR), and from the International Program of the Effect of Earthquakes on Megacities. Many Chinese experts in the Institute are his friends.

Prof. Chen Yuntai, chairman of the Committee for Science and Technology and Honorary Director of the Institute, presented the certificate to Prof. Panza.

Prof. Panza gave a warm response to the conferring ceremony, expressing the hope for more and more progresses in the Italian-China cooperation. Invited by the organizer, Prof. Panza gave a lecture on lithosphere geodynamics after the ceremony.

Following the half-day activities, a banquet was organized by the Committee for Science and Technology.